Discovery of distant galaxy opens door to 'uncharted period of cosmic history'

Астрономы нашли древнейший кислород во Вселенной

The light coming from MACS1149-JD1 had to travel 13.28 billion light years to reach Earth.

"These results demonstrate the ability of ALMA as a tool to measure the redshift of distant galaxies", says Richard Bouwens, of the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, in the paper issued in the Nature journal.

"The mature stellar population in MACS1149-JD1 implies that stars were forming back to even earlier times, beyond what we can now see with our telescopes", said Nicolas Laporte, a researcher at University College London/Université de Toulouse and a member of the research team, in a statement.

Stars in a galaxy far, far away formed just 250 million years after the birth of the universe - earlier than any others known, British-led astronomers have found.

What made this discovery so incredible is that the signal is believed to have been emitted 13.3bn years ago making it not only the most distant oxygen ever detected, but shows stars were forming as little as 250m years after the Big Bang.

The current theory on the beginning of the universe maintains that an event called the Big Bang spurred the emergence of everything that exists in space and on Earth.

If astronomers discovered oxygen in MACS1149-JD1, it meant that inside the galaxy, stars have formed even earlier and died in the galaxy.


Oxygen is only created in stars and then released into the gas clouds in galaxies when those stars die.

The Japanese researchers arrived at that red shift measurement using the spectral lines of ionised oxygen instead of using ionised carbon, as is normally done in examining distant objects. "We are therefore able to use this galaxy to probe into an earlier, completely uncharted period of cosmic history".

Their research, published on Wednesday, provides insight into star formation in perhaps the most distant galaxy ever observed.

"This galaxy is seen at a time when the universe was only 500m years old and yet it already has a population of mature stars", said Nicolas Laporte, a researcher at University College London in the United Kingdom and second author of the new paper.

The maturity of the stars seen in MACS1149-JD1 raises the question of when the very first galaxies emerged from the total darkness, an epoch of astronomers romantically term "cosmic dawn". Whether MACS1149-JD1 is just an outlier or the tip of an iceberg will have to wait for more observations. "We have for the first time observed the very early stage of star formation in the universe", said astronomer Takuya Hashimoto of Osaka Sangyo University in Japan. There is renewed optimism we are getting closer and closer to witnessing directly the birth of starlight. "Since we are all made of a processed stellar material, this is really finding our own origins".

"With this discovery we managed to reach the earliest phase of cosmic star formation history", Dr. Hashimoto said.

Related News:

  • Cough up $1bn for using our iPhone designs — Apple to Samsung

    Cough up $1bn for using our iPhone designs — Apple to Samsung

    It's not like that Apple has accused Samsung of copying, Samsung has also accused Apple of copying its designing features. It argues that customers were not only buying its handsets because of the design, but also due to their "functionality".
    Khedira in Germany World Cup squad

    Khedira in Germany World Cup squad

    "What is clear is that without match practice to go into a World Cup is not possible". " Nils Petersen is a great trump card". Via Werder Bremen, the center forward joined Freiburg in the 2014/2015 winter-break and was relegated to the second division.
    What do you hear, is it Yanny or Laurel?

    What do you hear, is it Yanny or Laurel?

    Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan said he'd like "to declare something that is just so obvious: It is laurel and not yanny ". Roland Szabo of Georgia was identified by the New York Times as the person who originally uploaded the clip to Reddit.
  • Sherpa Kami Rita Sets Record with 22nd Successful Climb of Mount Everest

    Sherpa Kami Rita Sets Record with 22nd Successful Climb of Mount Everest

    While Lhakpa Sherpa was climbing to break her own record on Wednesday morning, other climbers were dealing with oxygen failures. On the Tibet side a team was forced to retreat from just below the summit when 11 of their bottled oxygen systems failed.
    'We got Bama!': Crimson Tide rolls into Austin in 2022

    'We got Bama!': Crimson Tide rolls into Austin in 2022

    His work has been featured on Sports Illustrated, ESPN.com, FOXSports.com, CBSSports.com and many others. The Longhorns will now host the Buckeyes on August 30, 2025, and travel to Columbus on September 5, 2026.
    ND Senate discuss net neutrality, plan moving forward

    ND Senate discuss net neutrality, plan moving forward

    Net neutrality, under which the internet has operated since its inception, ensures that there is no favoritism in internet access. Once there, the caucus would need a simple majority to adopt the resolution - and with Collins, it has 50 votes.
  • Kent State graduate's photos with AR-10 and cap go viral

    Kent State graduate's photos with AR-10 and cap go viral

    The photo of Kaitlin Bennett also showed her holding a graduation cap with the phrase "come and take it" written on it. She was with her family and her boyfriend Sunday, the day after she graduated, when the photo was taken, she said.
    Exploding vape pen blamed for Florida man's death

    Exploding vape pen blamed for Florida man's death

    The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has a section on e-cigarette safety tips and even one for reporting explosions. In January 2017, an Idaho man lost seven teeth and suffered second-degrees burn after a vape pen exploded in his face.
    Iran nuclear accord not ideal, but best to stick with it

    Iran nuclear accord not ideal, but best to stick with it

    Merkel said the Europeans aren't "blind" to threats posed by Iran's activities in Syria to Israel, for example. On January 16, 2016, the parties to the deal announced beginning of its implementation.
  • SC collegium defers reiteration of Justice Joseph's elevation to top court

    SC collegium defers reiteration of Justice Joseph's elevation to top court

    The collegium intends to send Justice Joseph's name along with other names being considered for Supreme Court judgeships. Justice Jhala's name has been approved after taking into consideration the material on record .
    Rapper TI arrested near Georgia home

    Rapper TI arrested near Georgia home

    He said the guard was asleep when his client arrived at the guardhouse and it took "some time to wake up the sleeping guard". The artist, whose real name is Clifford Harris, was arrested Wednesday morning outside of his gated community.
    Banned ozone-destroying gas may still be in production

    Banned ozone-destroying gas may still be in production

    By the end of the year, the Montreal Protocol was signed in a global effort to ban the products and heal the ozone layer . Under the treaty's requirements, nations have reported less than 500 tons of new CFC-11 production per year since 2010.


Most liked

Panchayat poll violence: Centre asks Bengal govt to send another report
The state administration, however, claimed only six of those deaths were poll-related, State Election Commission (SEC) said. From the nomination stage to the day of polling, where was the spirit of democracy? "People were bullied", Modi said.

Atletico bid to erase pain of finals past in Marseille showdown
Since then it is Barcelona who have emerged as the leading contender to sign the former Real Sociedad man and have been tipped to meet his €100million buy out.

Three more Ohio E. coli cases linked to lettuce
Talk to your doctor if you have symptoms of an E. coli infection and report your illness to your local health department. Attorneys Fred Pritzker and Brendan Flaherty represent people sickened with E. coli O157:H7 infections and HUS.

Seven Teams Earn NCAA Public Recognition Awards
Five Canisius programs recognized were men's cross country , golf , men's swimming and diving, men's track and field and rowing . The aggregate 2016-17 Academic Progress Rate data for all NCAA Division I institutions will be announced later this month.

Tickle Me, Fleury: Vegas goalie tickles Jets player's ear
After the game was tied 1-1, Vegas got two goals from its second line, which features Erik Haula between Neal and Alex Tuch . Defensively, the Winnipeg Jets are allowing 2.6 goals per game and are killing 81.8 percent of their opponents power plays.

Goldman Sachs Just Launched A New Cryptocurrency
We are excited to be working directly with Bitmain on realizing our shared vision. It recently got hold on cryptocurrency exchange is known as Poloniex.

Pope 'very worried' by Gaza violence
Eight children under the age of 16, including an eight-month-old baby, were among Monday's dead. Calling for "dialogue, justice and peace", said violence "has never led to peace".

US, Gulf Arab states place sanctions on Hezbollah leadership
Specifically, OFAC, together with Gulf partners, designated Hasan Nasrallah, the Secretary General of Hezbollah. The sanctions target Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah, his deputy Naim Qassem and other figures and entities.

Whitney Houston was 'sexually abused', film claims
Dee Dee is said to have struggled with narcotics addition and died in 2008 , aged 63. She was a attractive woman, but she was never particularly sexy.

Chrissy Teigen has given birth to a baby boy!
Teigen, 32, shared the news on Twitter on Thursday May 17 writing, "Somebody's herrrrrrre!" along with baby bottle emojis". I think she'll probably have some growing pains because she's currently running the house right now.

Increasing concern as Ebola outbreak spreads to city in DR Congo
It can spread rapidly through contact with small amounts of bodily fluid and its early flu-like symptoms are not always obvious. It involves vaccinating voluntary contacts, contacts of those contacts and health care and other front-line workers.

In Pics: Bollywood Beauties Sizzle at Cannes 2018!
The film, by Spike Lee, stars Corey Hawkins and Topher Grace and takes on the checkered history of the Ku Klux Klan. She slayed everyone on the red carpet at the 71st Cannes Film Festival as she flaunted her sexy figure.

YouTube just added songwriter, label and publisher credits to millions of songs
Now, these credits will natively appear on both music videos and user-uploaded content that features recorded songs. That being the case, the implementation of " Music in this Video " is still a net positive for all those concerned.

Dad of 10 charged with domestic violence in 2011
Her husband Jonathan Allen was arrested on Friday and booked on 9 counts of felony torture and 6 counts of felony youngster abuse. Speaking with reporters, Rogers said the children suffered bumps and bruises associated with being kids but no serious injuries.

JR Smith Won't be Disciplined for Flagrant Foul
The relentless pressure and intensity of the Celtics continued to wear on the Cavs, as Boston were just kicking into gear. LeBron James responded to his weak game one performance with one of the best playoff quarters of his career.