India achieves a new height, discovers new planet

Scientists Discover New Planet'EPIC 211945201 600 Light Years Away at Mount Abu Observatory

The team was able to identify a super-Neptune exoplanet, that is a planet bigger than Neptune also known as a sub-Saturn exoplanet. It can be found in the Sextant constellation and is 160 light years away from our own sun. This has listed India among the countries which have discoveries of planets to their credit. The name of the host star is EPIC 211945201 or K2-236.

Ahmedabad, have discovered an exoplanet that is larger than Neptune but smaller than Saturn.

The three Earth-sized planets all have quite short orbits around their sun, with the longest orbit of one of the planets being completed in just 10.1 days. The discovery was made by measuring the mass of the planet using the indigenously designed "PRL Advance Radial-velocity Abu-sky Search" (PARAS) spectrograph integrated with 1.2m Telescope at PRL's Gurushikhar Observatory in Mount Abu, India.

Artistic simulation of a planetary system composed by three rocky planets wiht the same size of the Earth. Its mass is about 27 times Earth's and six times that of Earth at radius.

Being that close, you might think that the planets would be unbearably hot but the scientists say that might not be the case. "Very few such spectrographs exist around the world (mostly in the U.S. and in the Europe) that can do such precise measurements", the space agency said on its website late on June 8. The star's effective temperature is estimated at 3,450 Kelvin degrees, which is almost one and a half times less than that of the sun. The scientists estimate that over 60% of its mass could be made up of heavy elements like ice, silicates and iron.

The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of Oviedo presented the discovery of two new planetary systems, one of them hosting three planets with the same size of the Earth.

Scientists have claimed that the discovery will help in the understanding of the formation mechanism of super-Neptune or sub-Saturn kind of planets that are too close to the host star. Indian researchers have detected this planet and have estimated its mass and size with more than 50% precision.

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