World's oldest colours discovered

Scientists from the Australian National University have discovered the world's oldest colour bright pink

Researchers extracted the pigment from rocks deep beneath Africa's Sahara Desert.

Biogeochemistry Lab Manager Janet Hope from the ANU Research School of Earth Sciences holds a vial of colored porphyrins (pink colored liquid), believed to be some of the oldest pigments in the world.

Dr. Nur Gueneli at the Australian National University stated that the pigments that were obtained from the oceanic black shales at the Taoudeni Basin at Mauritania in West Africa, proved to be around ½ billion years older in comparison to the pigments that were discovered earlier.

"Bright pink pigment is a molecular fossil of chlorophyll, which produced the ancient fotosinteza the organisms inhabiting the ocean which has long disappeared", she said in a statement.

They happen to be more than half a billion years older than previous pigment discoveries.

"It turned out to be 1.1bn years old, which is absolutely incredible", said the senior lead researcher, Associate Prof Jochen Brocks from the Australian National University. "Imagine you could find a fossilized dinosaur skin that still has its original color, green or blue. that is exactly the type of discovery that we've made". These particular fossils go back 1.1 billion years where there's a gap in knowledge between how microorganisms became larger animals.


Researchers analysed the pink molecule and found it was produced by tiny cyanobacteria.

The color of bubble gum, flamingos and cotton candy - bright pink - is the world's oldest color, according to a recent study.

The entire work from the ANU team can be found in a recent version of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). These cyanobacteria had a great run for 500 million years or so, which is more than enough time to pull off wearing pink. These animals then supported the evolution of carnivores that preyed on these herbivores, and life on Earth exploded with complexity. In comparison, the microscopic algae are a thousand times larger in volume than the cyanobacteria.

"And you need these larger particles as a source of food for larger creatures".

It was a few hundred million years until algae would begin to multiply, ultimately forming the base of a food web that would eventually fuel the evolution of larger animals, Brocks told Live Science.

Related News:

  • Gareth Southgate gave England staff handwritten notes before World Cup

    Gareth Southgate gave England staff handwritten notes before World Cup

    There are a lot of things that have been hugely positive for us. "We've proved to ourselves and our country that is possible".
    Serena drops first set but zooms into semis

    Serena drops first set but zooms into semis

    But beneath the surface, the 36-year-old insisted she is feeling unusually calm as she enters the business end of the tournament. But she failed in her bid to become the first Dutchwoman to make the Wimbledon last four since Betty Stove in 1977.
    World Cup ace Kylian Mbappe 'couldn't care less' about the Ballon d'Or

    World Cup ace Kylian Mbappe 'couldn't care less' about the Ballon d'Or

    But it is thought that Mbappe or England captain Harry Kane could yet rival Ronaldo by excelling in Sunday's World Cup final. We could easily have come to this stage and frozen. "It will be a World Cup final, a great match, difficult".
  • Sarri identifies five signings for Chelsea

    The Mirror reports that the prospective new Chelsea manager even plans to live at the club's training base at Cobham in Surrey. The report suggests that the 59-year-old will receive a three-year contract on wages of €6m (£5.3m) per season.
    Timeline: Thai cave rescue

    Timeline: Thai cave rescue

    Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha said that the successful rescue at Tham Luang will set an example for other rescue operations in the future.
    Lovren hails Croatia's historic World Cup achievement

    Lovren hails Croatia's historic World Cup achievement

    They were briefly silenced when Croatia equalised through Ivan Perisic in the middle of the second half. Croatia on Sunday, but don't forget that there is also a game on Saturday. "It was a tough first half.
  • Netflix Topples HBO in Emmy Nominations

    Netflix Topples HBO in Emmy Nominations

    This year's Emmy Awards will broadcast live on NBC from the Microsoft Theater in Los Angeles on Monday, Sept. 17 at 8 p.m. Leading the nominations in totals by platform were Netflix (112), leapfrogging last year's leader HBO , which scored 108.
    Trump's United Kingdom  visit has high potential for embarrassment

    Trump's United Kingdom visit has high potential for embarrassment

    London Mayor Sadiq Khan has come under fire for his approval of a blimp featuring US President Donald Trump dressed as a baby. Trump's itinerary will keep him out of central London on Friday, when large protests are planned.
    12 rescued boys make victory sign from Thai hospital beds

    12 rescued boys make victory sign from Thai hospital beds

    Their use meant that even if a boy panicked during the rescue and got water inside his mask, the pressure would expel it. The trapped group in Thailand have now all been rescued from the cave, and are now recuperating in hospital.
  • Man could lose limbs to flesh-eating bacteria after crabbing in N.J

    Man could lose limbs to flesh-eating bacteria after crabbing in N.J

    But the New Jersey Health Department says if anyone has open cuts or scrapes, it's best to stay out of the brackish water. The vast majority of 80,000 or so Vibrio cases in the US each year come from ingesting undercooked seafood.

    Apple Releases tvOS 11.4.1 and watchOS 4.3.2

    The update lets you play music through paired HomePods as well as multiple AirPlay 2-capable devices via iTunes . The update comes with a size of 47.7MB and can be downloaded now on all compatible Apple wearables.
    IOS bug crashes messaging apps on iPhones after typing ‘Taiwan’

    IOS bug crashes messaging apps on iPhones after typing ‘Taiwan’

    And given the relationship China has with Taiwan, the company might be appeasing the Chinese government with its flag blockade. China considers Taiwan as a renegade provice, and does not recognise the sovereignty of the island nation.


Most liked

Charles Oakley arrested for allegedly cheating at casino
He's most well known for his runs with the Chicago Bulls (1985-88), New York Knicks (1988-98), and Toronto Raptors (1999-2001). Oak's gambling charge is serious business - "to commit or attempt to commit a fraudulent act in a gaming establishment".

Ex-FBI lawyer Page agrees to testify before House this week
Chairman, there's no basis for that", protested the top Judiciary Democrat, Rep. "This demand puts Mr. FBI Deputy Assistant Director Peter Strzok is seated before a hearing on Capitol Hill Thursday.

Magic Leap mixed reality headset could finally go on sale within weeks
The company has been showing off its "Creator Edition" product, a set of goggles and a portable, wearable computer to power them. The deal will likely have Magic Leap One relying on AT&T's 5G network, though the device is also expected to work over Wi-Fi.

Pyongyang refuses to show up at war remains talks
The US military has since announced that 100 wooden coffins have been moved to the inter-Korean border in preparation. As the war was fought on Korean soil, however, only North Korea has remains to return.

Armless man charged with stabbing tourist in Miami
Crenshaw told police he was lying down when Cesar Coronado, 22, punched him in the head, according to an arrest report . In a weird incident, a 46-year-old homeless was arrested for stabbing a tourist with a pair of scissors using his feet.

Kylian Mbappe revels in England's World Cup misery on Instagram
Croatia, in their first semi since 1998, levelled through Ivan Perisic after 68 minutes and then looked the more unsafe side. They now have the chance to avenge that loss and become the ninth nation to win a World Cup final.

LeBron James May Star in New Comedy Project for Paramount Players
Never worked with graffiti specialist Fernando Valdez. "I got a ton of support", Never said, according to ESPN . In one since-deleted Twitter post, a Lakers fan offered $300 to anyone who defaced the mural.

Apple will discontinue iPhone SE and iPhone X, report says
It will bring the highly-anticipated features from the expensive iPhone X at a price that will be more accessible to the masses. However, it would not have the same dual camera as the iPhone X, or even the slightly lesser quality iPhone 8 dual camera.

Trump visits United Kingdom amid acrimonious relationship with London
Demonstrators will assemble outside the BBC building in Portland Place at 2pm on Friday and march to Trafalgar Square for a rally. The issue is 'Do they have freedom to protest, freedom to assemble and should they be allowed to do so?

Schumer's war on Kavanaugh confirmation courts disaster for Dems
There has been no one with experience in elected office since O'Connor, who had been a state senator and judge in Arizona. She said Kozinski fondled her in a auto after an event in the mid-1980s and invited her to go to a motel and have sex.

Trump says North Atlantic Treaty Organisation members agreed to meet spending commitments
The Alabama Republican led the delegation, which met with senior Russian officials , including Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. Although administration officials point to the long-standing alliance between the United States and the United Kingdom, Mr.

You need to see this incredible footage from NYUAD
However, this ice sheet is becoming small due to increased melting and warming temperatures in the region mean more loss of ice. The results after the iceberg breaking away from a glacier would stretch from lower Manhattan up to Midtown in New York City.

Trump touches down in United Kingdom on first official visit as president
Mr and Mrs Trump will head to Scotland for the weekend, where they aren't expected to be involved in any official commitments. They are scheduled to spend Thursday night at the US Ambassador's home Winfield House, which is in Regent's Park.

Indians Blame Bullpen Meltdown On Phone Issues
Suddenly a 4-0 Tribe lead was down to 4-3 with the bases loaded, two down, and Reds left-handed slugger Joey Votto due up. Francona's affinity for nicknames - Perez is "OP;" Otero is "OT" - cost him dearly, too.

Manchester United players report for pre-season training
Lindelof embodied most of their good qualities such as their efficiency on the ball, their work-rate and their solid defending. Manchester United boss Jose Mourinho has ordered double training sessions for his players in preseason.