What is a subtropical storm vs. a tropical storm?

Hawaii forecasters watching Tropical Storm Lane

Tropical Storm Lane formed far out in the East Pacific today and is forecast to be a Category 3 hurricane with 120 mph winds about 1,000 miles southeast of Hawaii island when it enters the Central Pacific on Saturday.

"Climate change, if unimpeded, will greatly increase the probability of extreme events", such as the three record-breaking hurricanes of recent weeks, Emanuel said previous year.

With five named storms so far in 2018, forecasters are still calling for four to eight more before the end of hurricane season. Like a tropical storm is has a closed low at the surface but like non-tropical systems it has a low aloft as well.


The National Hurricane Center started giving names to these types of storms in 2002. We are near the peak of the season, but the rest of the Atlantic is expected to be quiet for the next week or so. Continuity prevents a higher forecast, but Lane seems destined to eventually become a category-4 hurricane like Hector.

NOAA predicted a almost 70 percent likelihood of El Nino during the hurricane season. Also, subtropical storms are cold-core weather systems, while tropical storms and hurricanes are warm-core. "A combination of stronger wind shear, drier air and increased stability of the atmosphere in the region where storms typically develop will further suppress hurricanes", NOAA said in its announcement.

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