Three New Species Discovered in the Depths of the Pacific

The fish — temporarily named the pink blue and purple Atacama snailfish — were found in the Atacama Trench by Newcastle University researchers

With a fish carcass to lure them out, the researchers were able to observe rare deep water creatures in their natural habitat, including three new species.

A community of 40 scientists from 17 totally different countries teamed up to search the freezing, pitch-dim residing, the utilization of cameras and other equipment. But now it's pink, blue and purple Atacama liparis or just sea slugs. Now scientists have found three new fishes underwater in the eastern Pacific Ocean and they are really intriguing.

"These fish are piece of the Liparidae family and assemble now not conform to the preconceived stereotypical image of what a deep-sea fish might possibly merely silent analysis esteem", England's Newcastle University, which joined the expedition, wrote in a recordsdata assertion Monday.

Compared to the menacing frame and giant teeth expected by the scientists, the snailfish are translucent, small and bereft of scales roaming in the ocean's deepest parts.

One of the researchers, Dr Thomas Linley from Newcastle University, said that the snailfish family is particularly suited to living in the dark depths of the ocean. They look so weird that everyone who has ever watched the movie "Abyss" can make a connection between the recently discovered fish species and the extraterrestrial creatures in the movie.

"As the video clearly shows, on the seabed, there are many invertebrate prey and the snailfish are the main predators; They seem to be quite active and they look very well fed, "says Thomas Linley".


However, the scientists were able to bring one of the new species of snailfish to the surface, after it swam into one of their traps. So, the hardest objects in the snailfishes' bodies are their teeth and the bones in their inner ears, and the creatures have only minimal structural body parts. It runs along the west coast of South America. Without the pressure of the water and the chill of the deep ocean, they appear to melt on reaching the surface.

And the snailfish are so in-tune with their ultra-deep, ice-cold environment that they would MELT if brought closer to the surface. This specimen followed prey into one of the traps researchers set.

The trench is almost 6000km long and more than 8km deep, running along the west coast of South America.

The Newcastle University-led expedition, which involved deploying two deep sea "landers" to capture more than 100 hours of video footage, revealed a vibrant trench-dwelling ecosystem that includes shrimp-like amphipods and long-legged isopods.

As well as swimming backwards, using paddles on their bellies to propel themselves, the snailfish can shuffle along the seafloor like spiders. The snailfish discovery will be featured at the Challenger Conference 2018 at Newcastle University.

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